Cloning

In 1997 Dolly the Sheep was the first mammal ever to be cloned. Since that time, the discussion has turned towards the possibilities of cloning human beings either for research (“therapeutic”) or reproductive purposes, and even as a potential means for organ farming. Cloning is also known as “somatic cell nuclear transfer” (SCNT), the technical process by which cloning is performed. Cloning is a dominant topic under the broader category of biotechnology. Ethical issues specific to human cloning include: the safety and efficacy of the procedure, cloning for destructive embryonic stem cell research, the effects of reproductive cloning on the child/parent relationship, and the commodification of human life as a research product.