Reproductive Ethics Bibliography

Special Resource Types: 


The following sources do not necessarily reflect the Center's positions or values. These sources, however, are excellent resources for familiarizing oneself with all sides of the relevant issues.

Reproductive Ethics | Genetic Selection & Reprogenetics | Law | Reproduction and Women's Health (Egg Donation, Surrogacy, Involuntary Sterilization, Experimental Nature of Infertility Treatments) | Articles


Reproductive Ethics

  • Almond, Brenda. The Fragmenting Family. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
  • Bayer, Steven R., Michael M. Alper, and Alan S. Penzlas, eds. The Boston IVF Handbook of Infertility. 3rd ed. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, 2012.
  • Best, Megan. Fearfully and Wonderfully Made: Ethics and the Beginning of Human Life. (Matthias Media, 2012). ***
  • Brakman, Sarah-Vaughan and Darlene Fozard Weaver, eds. The Ethics of Embryo Adoption and the Catholic Tradition: Moral Arguments, Economic Reality and Social Analysis. New York: Springer, 2007.
  • Campbell, Alison and Simon Fishel. Atlas of Time Lapse Embryology. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, 2015.
  • Clark, Rebecca A., Gloria Richard-Davis, Jill Hayes, Michelle Murphy, and Katherine Puchea Theall. Planning Parenthood: Strategies for Success in Fertility Assistance, Adoption, and Surrogacy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
  • Davis, Dena S. Genetic Dilemmas: Reproductive Technology, Parental Choices, and Children's Futures. New York: Routledge, 2001.
  • Deech, Ruth and Anna Smajdor. From IVF to Immortality: Controversy in the Era of Reproductive Technology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • DeGrazia, David. Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Edwards, Jeanette, Sarah Franklin, Eric Hirsch, Frances Price, and Marilyn Strathern. Technologies of Procreation: Kinship in the Age of Assisted Conception. New York: Routledge, 1999.
  • Evans, John Hyde. Contested Reproduction: Genetic Technologies, Religion, and Public Debate. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010.
  • Ford, Norman M. The Prenatal Person: Ethics from Conception to Birth. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2002.
  • Franklin, Sarah. Biological Relatives: IVF, Stem Cells, and the Future of Kinship. Experimental Futures. Durham: Duke University Press, 2013.
  • Gardner, David K., Botros R.M.B. Rizk, and Tommaso Falcone, eds. Human Assisted Reproductive Technology: Future Trends in Laboratory and Clinical Practice. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
  • Hall, Amy Laura. Conceiving Parenthood: American Protestantism and the Spirit of Reproduction. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008. ***
  • Harris, John, and Soren Holm, eds. The Future of Human Reproduction: Ethics, Choice, and Regulation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • Henig, Robin Marantz. Pandora's Baby: How the First Test-tube Babies Sparked the Reproductive Revolution. Woodbury, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2006.
  • Inhorn, Marcia C and Frank van Balen, eds. Infertility around the Globe: New Thinking on Childlessness, Gender, and Reproductive Technologies. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002.
  • “Instruction Dignitas Personae On Certain Bioethical Questions.” Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith, September 8, 2008.
  • Islam, Sharmin. Ethics of Assisted Reproductive Medicine: A Comparitive Study of Western Secular and Islamic Bioethics. Herndon, Va.: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2013.
  • Kilner, John F., Paige C. Cunningham, and W. David Hager, eds. The Reproduction Revolution: A Christian Appraisal of Sexuality, Reproductive Technologies, and the Family. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000. ***
  • Mills, Catherine. Futures of Reproduction: Bioethics and Biopolitics. New York: Springer, 2011.
  • Mullin, Amy. Reconceiving Pregnancy and Childcare: Ethics, Experience, and Reproductive Labor (Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Public Policy). New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • Mundy, Liza. Everything Conceivable: How the Science of Assisted Reproduction Is Changing Our World. New York: Anchor, 2008.
  • Nahman, Michal Rachel. Extractions: An Ethnography of Reproductive Tourism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.
  • O’Donovan, Oliver. Begotten or Made? Reprint ed. Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Peters, Philip G. How Safe Is Safe Enough? Obligations to the Children of Reproductive Technology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • Rae, Scott D., and D. Joy Riley. Outside the Womb: Moral Guidance for Assisted Reproduction. Chicago: Moody Publishers, 2011. ***
  • Rhonheimer, Martin. Ethics of Procreation and the Defense of Human Life: Contraception, Artificial Fertilization, and Abortion. Edited by William F Murphy. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2010.
  • Richards, Martin, Guido Pennings, and John B. Appleby. Reproductive Donation: Practice, Policy and Bioethics. New York: Cambridge University press, 2012.
  • Robertson, John. Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive Technology. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994.
  • Ryan, Maura A. Ethics and Economics of Assisted Reproduction: The Cost of Longing. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2001.
  • Smith, Malcolm K. Saviour Siblings and the Regulation of Assisted Reproductive Technology: Harm, Ethics and Law. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2015.
  • Steinbock, Bonnie. Life Before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, 2011.
  • Strong, Carson. Ethics in Reproductive and Perinatal Medicine: A New Framework. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997.
  • Wilkinson, Stephen. Choosing Tomorrow’s Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Out of Print

  • Alpern, Kenneth D., ed. The Ethics of Reproductive Technology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
  • Becker, Gay. The Elusive Embryo: How Men and Women Approach New Reproductive Technologies. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2000.
  • Beller, Fritz K., and Weir Robert F., ed. The Beginning of Human Life. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1993.
  • Cameron, Nigel M. de S., ed. Embryos and Ethics. Edinburgh, Scotland: Rutherford House, 1987.***
  • Coleman, Stephen. The Ethics of Artificial Uteruses: Implications for Reproduction and Abortion. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004.
  • Cohen, Cynthia B. New Ways of Making Babies: The Case of Egg Donation. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
  • DeMarco, Donald. Biotechnology and the Assault on Parenthood. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1991.***
  • Dooley, Dolores and Panagiota Dalla-Vorgia. The Ethics of New Reproductive Technologies: Cases and Questions. Berghahn Books, 2003.
  • Evans, Debra. Without Moral Limits: Women, Reproduction, and Medical Technology. Wheaton: Crossway, 2000. ***
  • Fenwick, Lyn. Private Choices, Public Consequences: Reproductive Technology and the New Ethics of Conception, Pregnancy, and Family. New York: Dutton Adult, 1998.
  • Gosden R. Designer Babies: The Brave New World of Reproductive Technology. London: Victor Gollancz, 1999.
  • Harwood, Karey A. The Infertility Treadmill: Feminist Ethics, Personal Choice, and the Use of Reproductive Technologies. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.
  • Hildth, E and D. Mieth (eds). In Vitro Fertilisation in the 1990s: Towards Medical, Social, and Ethical Evaluation. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 1998.
  • Hui, Edwin C. At the Beginning of Life: Dilemmas in Theological Bioethics. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002. ***
  • O'Donovan, Oliver. Begotten or Made? Human Procreation and Medical Technique. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. ***
  • Rae, Scott B. Brave New Families: Biblical Ethics and Reproductive Technologies. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1996. ***
  • Rae, Scott B. The Ethics of Commercial Surrogate Motherhood: Brave New Families? Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994. ***
  • Stewart, Gary P., William Cutrer, Timothy J. Demy, Donal P. O’Mathuna, Paige C. Cunningham, John F. Kilner, and Linda K. Bevington. Basic Questions on Reproductive Technology: When Is It Right to Intervene? Grand Rapids: Kregel, 1998. ***
  • Waters, Brent. Reproductive Technology: Towards a Theology of Procreative Stewardship. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press, 2001. ***


Genetic Selection & Reprogenetics

See the Genetic Ethics Bibliography, particularly the "Reproductive Genetics Section."



  •  Cook, Rebecca, Bernard Dickens, and Mahmoud Fathalla. Reproductive Health and Human Rights. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
  • Crockin, Susan L., and Howard W. Jones, Jr. Legal Conceptions: The Evolving Law and Policy of Assisted Reproductive Technologies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
  • Daar, Judith. Reproductive Technologies and the Law. 2nd ed. Dayton, OH: LexisNexis, 2013.
  • Hashiloni-Dolev, Yael. A Life (Un)Worthy of Living: Reproductive Genetics in Israel and Germany (International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine). Netherlands: Springer, 2007.
  • Karpin, Isabel and Kristin Savell. Perfecting Pregnancy: Law, Disability, and the Future of Reproduction. Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  • Kindregan, Charles P., Jr. and Maureen McBrien. Assisted Reproductive Technology: A Lawyer’s Guide to Emerging Law and Science. 2nd ed. Chicago: American Bar Association, 2012.
  • Melo-Martín, Inmaculada de. Making Babies: Biomedical Technologies, Reproductive Ethics, and Public Policy. Netherlands: Springer, 1998.
  • Simonstein, Frida, ed. Reprogen-Ethics and the Future of Gender. New York: Springer, 2009.
  • Spar, Debora. The Baby Business: How Money, Science, and Politics Drive the Commerce of Conception. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2006.


Reproduction and Women's Health (Egg Donation, Surrogacy, Involuntary Sterilization, Experimental Nature of Infertility Treatments)

  • Baruch, Elaine, Amadeo F. D’Adamo, and Joni Seager. Embryos, Ethics, and Women’s Rights: Exploring the New Reproductive Technologies.  New York: Haworth Press, 1988.
  • Callahan, Joan C., ed. Reproduction, Ethics, and the Law: Feminist Perspectives. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1996.
  • Clarke, Adele E. Disciplining Reproduction: Modernity, American Life Sciences, and the Problems of Sex. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
  • Duden, Barbara. Disembodying Women: Perspectives on Pregnancy and the Unborn. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.
  • Field, Martha A. Surrogate Motherhood: The Legal and Human Issues. Cambridge, MA: First Harvard University Press, 1990.
  • Flavin, Jeanne. Our Bodies, Our Crimes: The Policing of Women’s Reproduction in America. New York: New York University Press, 2009.
  • Gingsburg, Faye D. and Rayna Rapp, eds. Conceiving the New World Order: The Global Politics of Reproduction. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1995.
  • Gostin, Lawrence O. Surrogate Motherhood: Politics and Privacy. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1990.
  • Gupta, Jyotsna. New Reproductive Technologies, Women’s Health and Autonomy: Indo-Dutch Studies on Development Alternatives. Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage Publications, 2000.
  • Kukla, Rebecca. Mass Hysteria: Medicine, Culture, and Mothers’ Bodies. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.
  • Lauritzen, Paul. Pursuing Parenthood: Ethical Issue in Assisted Reproduction. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1993.
  • Lay, Mary M., Cynthia Myntti, Laura J. Gurak, and Clare Gravon. Body Talk: Rhetoric, Technology, Reproduction. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2000.
  • Layne, Linda L. Motherhood Lost: A Feminist Account of Pregnancy Loss in America. New York: Routledge, 2003.
  • Macklin, Ruth. Surrogates and Other Mothers: The Debates over Assisted Reproduction. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994.
  • McCarthy, Brendan. Fertility and Faith: The Ethics of Human Fertilization. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1997.
  • Meredith, Sheena. Policing Pregnancy: The Law and Ethics of Obstetric Conflict. Surrey, UK: Ashgate, 2006.
  • Meyer, Cheryl. The Wandering Uterus: Politics and the Reproductive Rights of Women. New York: New York University Press, 1997.
  • Morgan, Lynn M. and Meredith Wilson Michaels, eds. Fetal Subjects: Feminist Positions. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999.
  • Petchesky, Rosalind, Karen Judd, and IRRRAG, eds. Negotiating Reproductive Rights: Women’s Perspectives across Centuries and Cultures. New York: Zed Books, 1998.
  • Purdy, Laura Martha. Reproducing Persons: Issues in Feminist Bioethics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996.
  • Ragoné, Heléna and France Winddance Twine, eds. Ideologies and Technologies of Motherhood: Race, Class, Sexuality, Nationalism. New York: Routledge, 2000.
  • Rapp, Rayna. Testing Women, Testing the Fetus: The Social Impact of Amniocentesis in America. New York: Routledge, 2000.
  • Raymond, Janice G. Women as Wombs: Reproductive Technologies and the Battle over Women’s Freedom. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.
  • Roberts, Dorothy. Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. New York: Pantheon Books, 1997.
  • Rodin, Judith and Aila Collins eds. Women and New Reproductive Technologies: Medical, Psychosocial, Legal, and Ethical Dilemmas. Hillsdale, NJ: Psychology Press, 1991.
  • Schoen, Johanna. Choice and Coercion: Birth Control, Sterilization, and Abortion in Public Health and Welfare. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
  • Sclater, Shelley Day. Surrogate Motherhood: International Perspectives. Portland, OR: Hart Publishing, 2003.
  • Simonstein, Frida, ed. Reprogen-Ethics and the Future of Gender: International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine. New York: Spring Publishing, 2009.
  • Teman, Elly. Birthing a Mother: The Surrogate Body and the Pregnant Self. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2010.
  • Thomas, Lynn M. Politics of the Womb: Women, Reproduction, and the State in Kenya. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, Ltd., 2003.
  • Tubert, Silvia, and Anthony Molino, ed., and Mariano Peyrou, trans. Women without a Shadow: Maternal Desire and Assisted Reproductive Technologies. London: Free Association Books, 2000.
  • Twine, France Winddance. Outsourcing the Womb: Race, Class, and Gestational Surrogacy in a Global Market. New York: Routledge, 2011.
  • Wang, Guang-zhen. Reproductive Health and Gender Equality. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2010.
  • Wilkinson, Stephen. Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade. New York: Routledge, 2003.



  • "Donum Vitae" [an exposition of the Roman Catholic position]. Origins 16, no. 40 (19 March 1987): 698-710. ***


For related materials, also consult the Disability Ethics, Genetic Ethics, and Women's Health Bibliographies.


*** Designates Christian Resource



Updated October 2016