ACP Affirms Opposition to Physician-Assisted Suicide; Self-Driving Cars Will Kill People. Who Decides Who Dies?; CRISPR Used to Peer into Human Embryos’ First Days; WHO Warns of Lack of New Antibiotics under Development and More …
September 22, 2017 Donate to CBHD
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THE BIOETHIC WEEKLY THE CENTER FOR BIOETHICS & HUMAN DIGNITY
RESOURCES & ANNOUNCEMENTS
Haploid Stem Cells
UPDATE: HAPLOID STEM CELLS
CBHD Research Analyst, Heather Zeiger has written a piece on haploid cells as an informational resource on bioethics.com, CBHD's news site for bioethics news, issues, and events. The piece seeks to address the questions, "What are these cells?" and "Do they avoid some of the ethical issues surrounding human embryonic stem cells?"
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Call for Proposals: Bioethics & Being Human
CALL FOR PROPOSALS:
2018 CBHD SUMMER CONFERENCE
Paper and poster proposals are now being accepted for the upcoming CBHD summer conference, Bioethics & Being Human. All serious proposals relevant to the study of bioethics are welcome. The deadline for submissions is November 1, 2017.
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OTHER BIOETHICS EVENTS
MATTHEW BULFIN EDUCATIONAL CONFERENCE
American College of Pediatricians & AAPLOG
Trinity International University
September 29 – October 1, 2017
Deerfield, IL
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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS
CRISPR Used to Peer into Human Embryos’ First Days
(Nature) — Gene-edited human embryos have offered a glimpse into the earliest stages of development, while hinting at the role of a pivotal protein that guides embryo growth. The first-of-its-kind study stands in contrast to previous research that attempted to fix disease-causing mutations in human embryos, in the hope of eventually preventing genetic disorders. Whereas those studies raised concerns over potential ‘designer babies’, the latest paper describes basic research that aims to understand human embryo development and causes of miscarriage. …
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Navy Orders Stand Down for Medical Personnel after Employee Allegedly Called Newborns ‘Mini Satans’
(ABC News) — The Navy’s surgeon general has ordered a stand down for all Navy medical personnel over the next 48 hours to reaffirm service commitments to patients and review social media policies after photos emerged on social media of medical personnel posing with newborns at a Navy hospital in Jacksonville, Florida. Two Navy hospital corpsmen at the Naval Hospital in Jacksonville, Florida, were removed from their jobs treating patients after they allegedly posted a video and photos of newborns to Snapchat, including a photo showing one of them flipping the middle finger at a newborn with the caption “how I currently feel about these mini Satans.” …
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ACP Affirms Opposition to Physician-Assisted Suicide
(Medscape) — Ethical arguments against the legalization of physician-assisted dying remain more compelling than those in support of the practice, the American College of Physicians (ACP) states in an updated position statement published September 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. The statement reaffirms the ACP’s opposition to physician-assisted dying as originally issued in 2001, but support for it is not universal. “Since then, there’s been a lot of interest in the subject, and several more states have legalized physician-assisted suicide,” ACP President Jack Ende, MD, told Medscape Medical News, explaining the reason the ACP revisited the issue. “We also felt there wasn’t enough attention given to patients with terminal illness to be sure they were receiving the best possible care, with hospice care and palliative care.” …
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Self-Driving Cars Will Kill People. Who Decides Who Dies?
(Wired) — Recently, the “trolley problem,” a decades-old thought experiment in moral philosophy, has been enjoying a second career of sorts, appearing in nightmare visions of a future in which cars make life-and-death decisions for us. Among many driverless car experts, however, talk of trolleys is très gauche. They call the trolley problem sensationalist and irrelevant. But this attitude is unfortunate. Thanks to the arrival of autonomous vehicles, the trolley problem will be answered—that much is unavoidable. More importantly, though, that answer will profoundly reshape the way law is administered in America. …
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WHO Warns of Lack of New Antibiotics under Development
(UPI) — Antibiotic-resistant superbugs are on the rise, and the World Health Organization issued a warning Wednesday of the lack of new antibiotics under development while the threat of antimicrobial resistance grows. Although the superbugs have not spread widely in the United States, two patients last year were infected by a bacteria that was resistant to colisitin, an antibiotic of last resort, and a Nevada woman in her 70s died after returning from a trip to India with a superbug resistant to all antibiotics. …
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Prospect of Synthetic Embryos Sparks New Bioethics Debate
(MIT Technology Review) — The embryo-like structures, the team soon determined, are not complete and couldn’t become a person. They lack the cell types needed to make a placenta, a heart, or a brain. Even so, the Michigan “embryoids” are realistic enough that the lab has been destroying them using a bath of detergent or formaldehyde to make sure they don’t develop any further. …
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Oregon’s Death with Dignity Act: Two Decades of Data
(Medscape) — Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act (DWDA), passed through a voter-approved ballot initiative in 1997, lays out strict requirements for patients interested in requesting a prescription from their physician that would enable the patient to end to his or her life. In the 20 years since its passage, 0.2% of deaths in Oregon resulted from DWDA prescriptions but the number is increasing, researchers report in an article published online today in Annals of Internal Medicine. …
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Senate Panel Seeks Middle Ground on Human Fetal Tissue Research and Abortion
(Science) — A Senate spending panel yesterday countered a move by its House of Representatives counterpart to quash federal funding for research that uses human fetal tissue from elective abortions. The move sets up a conflict that will need to be resolved when lawmakers meet later this year to hash out differences between the House and Senate bills, which will provide funding for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the 2018 fiscal year that begins on 1 October. …
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Note: News stories and events do not necessarily represent the Center's views. For additional commentary on many of the issues they raise, please see the CBHD web site at www.cbhd.org. Please visit www.bioethics.com for daily posts on bioethics news and issues.
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