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Updated: 3 hours 34 min ago

She Sees Dead People

November 6, 2018

(Knowable Magazine) – Ellen Stroud, an environmental historian at Penn State University, explored the macabre history and legal ambiguities of American bodies in the Annual Review of Law and Social Science. From the one-footed 87-year-old man sold to a medical school for $10 in 1902 to the plasticized people put on display in traveling exhibits today, bodies continue to challenge our ideas of justice and humanity. Knowable spoke with Stroud about her fascination with corpses, modern examples of the legal limbo surrounding dead people and her plans for her own body when she’s done with it. This conversation has been edited for length and clarity.

Adoptions Fall by 62% as IVF Success Rises

November 5, 2018

(BBC) – The boss of a body that represents children in care has said the success of IVF has contributed to a drop in the number of children being adopted. In the last 40 years since the first “test-tube baby” was born, adoptions in England and Wales have fallen by 62%.  Meanwhile, IVF success rates for women under 35 have nearly tripled.

Mom to Internet: Anybody Want to Trade My Girl Embryo for a Boy?

November 5, 2018

(New York Post) – Giving it one last go — for $12,000 — they switched to a clinic upstate and tried again in September, but the egg retrieval yielded no viable candidates. By then, they had shelled out more than $45,000 on fertility services. That’s when Lisa and Ray decided to offer up their frozen female embryo, currently in a storage facility for which they pay $1,000 a year, to someone with a male embryo.

23andMe’s Genetic Test for How You’ll React to Medication Is Ahead of Its Time

November 5, 2018

(The Verge) – On Wednesday, the US Food and Drug Administration approved the first consumer DNA test that promises to tell buyers which drugs might work best for them according to their genetic profile. The manufacturer, 23andMe, won FDA approval by being very careful not to overpromise what its test can do— so careful that the approval highlights the limited usefulness of the test and how much we still don’t know about this field of medicine.

Three Suspected Organ Traffickers Are Detained After Stealing Eyeballs from a Dead Patient at a Chinese Hospital

November 5, 2018

(Daily Mail) – Three people have been detained in central China for stealing a dead patient’s eyeballs from a hospital mortuary, Chinese media reported. The man, surnamed Li, died of organ failure on Tuesday morning at Ningxiang People’s Hospital in Hunan province and was discovered in a mutilated state by his horrified sister several hours later. ‘Cotton balls were stuffed in the left eye and a surgical tool used to expand the eye socket was in the right eye. Both his eyeballs were gone,’ the woman wrote in a social media post appealing for justice.

Addiction Often Begins with a ‘Beautiful’ Boy or Girl

November 5, 2018

(STAT News) – In the American mind, drug addiction happens only to people “born under a bad sign.” That’s just not true. Worse, it implies that success in life protects individuals from addiction. Throughout my 50-year career working on drug abuse prevention and treatment, I’ve often seen drug addiction befall every kind of person. That’s one reason I have been urging people to see “Beautiful Boy,” a new film about the relationship between a good father and his good son as the teenager dives into addiction.

FDA Says a ‘Public Health Tragedy’ Is Underway as Teen E-Cigarette Use Remains Popular

November 5, 2018

(People) – The Food and Drug Administration says that a “public health tragedy” is underway as teen e-cigarette use continues, but that they are working on plans of action with the major manufactures, including Juul. After demanding in September that e-cigarette manufacturers submit detailed plans to curb the illegal teen usage, the FDA says they’ve met with the top five companies and will roll out their proposals in November.

Reporting on the Layers of Potential Harm for Children in Psychiatric Hospitals

November 2, 2018

(ProPublica) – The Department of Children and Family Services, the state’s child welfare agency, has investigated 16 allegations of abuse or neglect at the hospital since January. The allegations, detailed in confidential documents obtained by ProPublica Illinois, are disturbing on their own. But some of those children who reported being sexually abused or assaulted shouldn’t have even been at the hospital; they had already been cleared for discharge when the alleged abuse occurred.

Hyping Autism Research “News” Is a Disservice to People with Autism

November 2, 2018

(Scientific American) – Click-worthy health and science headlines are an essential currency in today’s media world. When they pertain to autism, they might include phrases like “groundbreaking trial,” “offer hope” or “game-changer.” But for people with autism and their families, these headlines and the research news stories they highlight often bring false hope, confusion—or worse. There is something about autism, a disorder that remains widely misunderstood, that seems to encourage the promulgation of news coverage about potential “breakthroughs” and unorthodox treatment approaches.

Uganda Begins Ebola Vaccinations Amid Congo Transmission Fears

November 2, 2018

(Reuters) – Uganda says it will start to vaccinate some of its health workers against Ebola on Monday, amid fears that the viral haemorrhagic fever could spread from Democratic Republic of Congo which is battling an outbreak. The East African country has suffered regular outbreaks of Ebola and Marburg over the years, both high-fatality viral haemorrhagic fevers.

End-of-Life Care Preferences of Chinese Adults Vary Based on Whether They Have Children

November 2, 2018

(Eurekalert) – Chinese adults who have children prefer to receive end-of-life care from family members at home, while those who lost their only child prefer to be cared for in hospice or palliative care institutions, finds a new study led by an international team of researchers and published in the November issue of The Journal of Palliative Medicine. Income, property ownership, and support from friends also influenced individuals’ end-of-life care preferences.

Researchers Identify Active Stem Cells in “Resting Zone” of Cartilage

November 2, 2018

(News Medical) – Skeletal stem cells are of interest to researchers because they are thought to be able to heal bone injuries. However, they are difficult to locate because scientists are unsure what they look like or where they reside. As reported in the journal Nature, Noriaki Ono and colleagues have found skeletal cells that meet the criteria for stem cells in the “resting zone” of a cartilaginous tissue called the epiphyseal growth plate. Ono says that finding these cells in the resting zone supports the widely shared belief that stem cells remain inactive until they are needed.