Bioethics.com

Subscribe to Bioethics.com feed
Your global information source on bioethics news, issues, & events
Updated: 4 hours 25 min ago

Polio Virus Found in London Sewage Samples

June 22, 2022

(Axios) – Britain’s polio-free status may be in jeopardy for the first time in nearly 20 years as several samples of the polio virus were found during recent London sewage testing, the U.K. Health Security Agency said Wednesday. Why it matters: The discovery means it’s likely there has been some spread of a “vaccine-derived” polio virus between close contacts in London, the agency said. The last case of wild polio in the U.K. was confirmed in 1984 and the country has remained polio-free since 2003. (Read More)

The post Polio Virus Found in London Sewage Samples first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Covid Surges Across Europe as Experts Warn Not to Let Guard Down

June 21, 2022

(The Guardian) – Multiple European countries are experiencing a significant surge in new Covid-19 infections, as experts warn that with almost all restrictions lifted and booster take-up often low, cases could spiral throughout the summer leading to more deaths. According to the Our World in Data scientific aggregator, the rolling seven-day average of confirmed new cases per million inhabitants is on the rise in countries including Portugal, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Greece, the Netherlands and Denmark. (Read More)

The post Covid Surges Across Europe as Experts Warn Not to Let Guard Down first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Uterine Cancer Is on the Rise, Especially Among Black Women

June 21, 2022

(New York Times) – Cancer of the uterus, also called endometrial cancer, is increasing so rapidly that it is expected to displace colorectal cancer by 2040 as the third most common cancer among women, and the fourth-leading cause of women’s cancer deaths. The mortality rate has been increasing by almost 2 percent a year overall, with even sharper spikes among Asian, Hispanic and Black women, according to a recent study in JAMA Oncology. Despite the increase, there has been little public attention to the disease. (Read More)

The post Uterine Cancer Is on the Rise, Especially Among Black Women first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Blake Lemoine Says Google’s LaMDA AI Faces ‘Bigotry’

June 21, 2022

(Wired) – Lemoine is a scientist: He holds undergraduate and master’s degrees in computer science from the University of Louisiana and says he left a doctoral program to take the Google job. But he is also a mystic Christian priest, and even though his interaction with LaMDA was part of his job, he says his conclusions come from his spiritual persona. For days, onlookers have raised questions around Lemonie’s gullibility, his sincerity, and even his sanity. Still on his honeymoon, Lemoine agreed to talk to me for a riveting hour-long conversation earlier this week. Emphatically sticking to his extraordinary claims, he seems to relish the opportunity to elaborate on his relationship with LaMDA, his struggles with his employer (he still hopes to keep his job), and the case for a digital system’s personhood. The interview has been edited for length and clarity. (Read More)

The post Blake Lemoine Says Google’s LaMDA AI Faces ‘Bigotry’ first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Chinese Omicron Study Renews Debate Over ‘Zero Covid’ Policy

June 21, 2022

(New York Times) – A new Chinese study about the relatively low risks associated with the Omicron variant of the coronavirus has reignited discussion about whether the country’s aggressive response to Covid-19 cases is necessary. The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention on Saturday published a study that found that 22 of more than 33,000 patients hospitalized after testing positive for Omicron developed severe illness. All of the patients who developed a more serious illness were over 60 years old and had underlying medical conditions, according to the study, which was conducted from March 22 to May 3 at four Shanghai hospitals. (Read More)

The post Chinese Omicron Study Renews Debate Over ‘Zero Covid’ Policy first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Four Takeaways From a Times Investigation Into China’s Expanding Surveillance State

June 21, 2022

(New York Times) – China’s ambition to collect a staggering amount of personal data from everyday citizens is more expansive than previously known, a Times investigation has found. Phone-tracking devices are now everywhere. The police are creating some of the largest DNA databases in the world. And the authorities are building upon facial recognition technology to collect voice prints from the general public. The Times’s Visual Investigations team and reporters in Asia spent over a year analyzing more than a hundred thousand government bidding documents. (Read More)

The post Four Takeaways From a Times Investigation Into China’s Expanding Surveillance State first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Casino Guests Face Extended Stay in Macau as China’s Covid-19 Lockdowns Spread

June 21, 2022

(Wall Street Journal) – Hundreds of guests at a casino in Macau were put under lockdown as China’s stringent Covid-19 control measures spread to the southern Chinese gambling city. Tuesday’s lockdown of the Hotel Fortuna comes on the heels of a two-day testing drive of the semiautonomous city’s roughly 600,000 residents amid a resurgence of cases. Dozens of infections have been reported in recent days after a monthslong streak of almost zero cases. (Read More)

The post Casino Guests Face Extended Stay in Macau as China’s Covid-19 Lockdowns Spread first appeared on Bioethics.com.

UK to Offer Vaccines to Some Gay, Bisexual Men for Monkeypox

June 21, 2022

(Associated Press) – British health officials will start offering vaccines to some men who are gay or bisexual or have sex with men, who are at the highest risk of catching monkeypox, in an effort to curb the biggest outbreak of the disease beyond Africa. (Read More)

The post UK to Offer Vaccines to Some Gay, Bisexual Men for Monkeypox first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Comparing the Pfizer and Moderna Covid Vaccines for Young Children

June 20, 2022

(STAT News) – We can’t tell you which is best for your child. But we can tell you that in this age group, the Pfizer-BioNTech and the Moderna vaccines probably differ more than they do in any other age group on the vaccination spectrum. (Read More)

The post Comparing the Pfizer and Moderna Covid Vaccines for Young Children first appeared on Bioethics.com.

‘It Was Stolen from Me’: Black Doctors Are Forced Out of Training Programs at Far Higher Rates Than White Residents

June 20, 2022

(STAT News) – After more than three years of training, she left her residency in 2018. While she was not fired, the Texas Workforce Commission ruled she had been “constructively discharged,” meaning her workplace situation was so intolerable, she had no choice but to leave. “What’s painful is I wasn’t allowed to make that choice for myself,” she said. “It was stolen from me.” Daywalker is not alone. A STAT investigation found that Black residents either leave or are terminated from training programs at far higher rates than white residents. The result of this culling — long hidden, dismissed, and ignored by the larger medical establishment — is that many Black physicians have been unable to enter lucrative and extremely white specialties such as neurosurgery, dermatology, or plastic surgery. It’s a key reason these fields have been unable to significantly diversify their ranks even as the total number of residency spots has increased nationally. (Read More)

The post ‘It Was Stolen from Me’: Black Doctors Are Forced Out of Training Programs at Far Higher Rates Than White Residents first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Despite Another Covid Surge, Deaths Stay Near Lows

June 20, 2022

(New York Times) – For two years, the coronavirus killed Americans on a brutal, predictable schedule: A few weeks after infections climbed so did deaths, cutting an unforgiving path across the country. But that pattern appears to have changed. Nearly three months since an ultra-contagious set of new Omicron variants launched a springtime resurgence of cases, people are nonetheless dying from Covid at a rate close to the lowest of the pandemic. (Read More)

The post Despite Another Covid Surge, Deaths Stay Near Lows first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Shots for Tots: COVID Vaccinations Start for Little US Kids

June 20, 2022

(Associated Press) – The nation’s infants, toddlers and preschoolers are finally getting their chance at COVID-19 vaccination as the U.S. rolls out shots for tots this week. Shipments arrived in some locations over the weekend and some spots, including a Walgreens in South Carolina and another in New York City, opened up appointments for Monday.  (Read More)

The post Shots for Tots: COVID Vaccinations Start for Little US Kids first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Vaccination Rates for the Vulnerable Are Soaring in Africa, the W.H.O Says.

June 17, 2022

(New York Times) – Most countries in Africa have made significant gains in vaccinating two vulnerable groups against Covid-19, but new infections are creeping upward as summer travel begins and some countries ease public health measures, the World Health Organization said on Thursday. About half of public health workers and people over 60 have been fully vaccinated in 31 countries in the agency’s Africa region, Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, the W.H.O.’s regional director, said at a news conference. (Read More)

The post Vaccination Rates for the Vulnerable Are Soaring in Africa, the W.H.O Says. first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Omicron Poses About Half the Risk of Long COVID as Delta, New Research Finds

June 17, 2022

(NPR) – The omicron variant is much less likely than delta to cause long COVID, according to the first large-scale study published about the long-term risks posed by omicron. But almost 5% of people who catch omicron still experience fatigue, brain fog, headaches, heart problems or other health issues at least a month after getting infected, the study found. (Read More)

The post Omicron Poses About Half the Risk of Long COVID as Delta, New Research Finds first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Life Expectancy for Native Americans Has Stagnated–Even Long Before Covid

June 17, 2022

(STAT News) – Native American and Alaska Native populations were the only Americans to see no increase whatsoever in life expectancy in the two decades preceding the Covid pandemic, living 73.1 years on average in 2019 — nearly six years less than white Americans. The figures were included in a new detailed analysis of life expectancy published Thursday that showed that overall life expectancy for Americans rose slightly over the period, to 79.1 years in 2019, but that persistent and widespread disparities remained between different racial and ethnic groups. (Read More)

The post Life Expectancy for Native Americans Has Stagnated–Even Long Before Covid first appeared on Bioethics.com.

A CDC Study Seeks to Provide Clues to Seeming Surge of Hepatitis Cases in Kids

June 17, 2022

(STAT News) – There have always been cases of hepatitis in children for which a cause cannot be found — such cases are labeled pediatric hepatitis of unknown etiology. But these cases occur in very low numbers and they aren’t well-studied or tracked. So when doctors in Alabama and Scotland reported seeing more of these cases over a few weeks then they would normally see in a year, they didn’t have reliable statistics against which to compare the seeming surge. (Read More)

The post A CDC Study Seeks to Provide Clues to Seeming Surge of Hepatitis Cases in Kids first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Shanghai’s Censors Can’t Hide Stories of the Dead

June 17, 2022

(Wired) – From February to May, health authorities in Shanghai had reported 588 deaths related to Covid-19, the majority elderly residents. But officials didn’t count people like Zhou, who may have died as a result of the city’s lockdown restrictions. Discussions about the collateral damage of China’s zero-Covid policy are heavily restricted in the country. Censors have blocked comments from people opposing the pandemic strategy, including remarks made by World Health Organization director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. But, as ever in China, censorship has not stopped people from finding technical workarounds to express dissent. (Read More)

The post Shanghai’s Censors Can’t Hide Stories of the Dead first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Can We Develop a Covid-19 Vaccine That Lasts?

June 17, 2022

(Wall Street Journal) – Roughly two and a half years into the pandemic, White House officials and health experts have reached a pivotal conclusion about Covid-19 vaccines: The current approach of offering booster shots every few months isn’t sustainable. Though most vaccines take years to develop, the Covid shots now in use were created in record time—in a matter of months. For health authorities and a public desperate for tools to deal with the pandemic, their speedy arrival provided a huge lift, preventing hospitalizations and deaths while helping people to escape lockdowns and return to work, school and many other aspects of pre-Covid life. But the Covid vaccines don’t last nearly as long as shots given for other viral illnesses such as polio, mumps and hepatitis, which remain effective for years or decades. (Read More)

The post Can We Develop a Covid-19 Vaccine That Lasts? first appeared on Bioethics.com.

FDA Authorizes 1st COVID-19 Shots for Infants, Preschoolers

June 17, 2022

(Associated Press) – U.S. regulators on Friday authorized the first COVID-19 shots for infants and preschoolers, paving the way for vaccinations to begin next week. The Food and Drug Administration’s action follows its advisory panel’s unanimous recommendation for the shots from Moderna and Pfizer. That means U.S. kids under 5 — roughly 18 million youngsters — are eligible for the shots, about 1 1/2 years after the vaccines first became available in the U.S. for adults, who have been hit the hardest during the pandemic.  (Read More)

The post FDA Authorizes 1st COVID-19 Shots for Infants, Preschoolers first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Girl’s Case of Lupus Leads to New Understanding of a Perplexing Disease

June 16, 2022

(STAT News) – At age 7, while living in Madrid, Piqueras was diagnosed with lupus, a confounding and severe autoimmune disease that can be detrimental to many organs, including the kidneys, spleen, heart, and brain. Her rare case of pediatric lupus caught the attention of Carola Vinuesa, an autoimmunity researcher at the Francis Crick Institute in London, who happened to be a friend of Piqueras’s doctor. Almost a decade later, the young girl’s lupus is helping unravel some of the secrets of this perplexing illness. That’s because in studying Piqueras, doctors were able to figure out the cause of her lupus: a single variant in the gene that encodes for the protein called Toll-like receptor 7, or TLR7. That defect set off an exaggerated and misguided immune response to the body’s own RNA. (Read More)

The post Girl’s Case of Lupus Leads to New Understanding of a Perplexing Disease first appeared on Bioethics.com.

Pages